giorgio de chirico isabella pakszwer far
In 1939, he adopted a neo-Baroque style influenced by Rubens.  De Chirico’s later paintings never received the same critical praise as did those from his metaphysical period. He resented this, as he thought his later work was better and more mature. He nevertheless produced backdated “self-forgeries” both to profit from his earlier success, and as an act of revenge—retribution for the critical preference for his early work.  He also denounced many paintings attributed to him in public and private collections as forgeries.  In 1945, he published his memoirs. 
Giorgio de Chirico ( / ˈ k ɪr ɪ k oʊ / KIRR -ik-oh, Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko] ; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian   artist and writer born in Greece. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Nietzsche and for the mythology of his birthplace.
Giorgio De Chirico studied drawing with the Greek painter Mavrudis in Athens, where he attended the Athens Polytechnic Institute from 1900-1906. In 1906 his father died and the family moved to Munich. There De Chirico attended the ‘Akademie der Bildenden Kunste’ (Academy of Arts). He also learned from the German artistic, literary and philosophical culture; he read Friedrich Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and Weininger. At that time Munich was the center for innovations in art and design, where exhibited Arnold Boeklin, Max Klinger, Franz Marc, and Wassily Kandinsky.
In 1910, De Chirico visited Milan, Turin, and Florence, where he enjoyed the Italian art, especially the primitive Tuscan painting. In 1911, he settled with his brother Andrea in Paris. There he joined the circle of Guillaume Apollinaire, where he met Constantin Brancusi, Andre Derain, Max Jacob, ‘Fernand Leger’ and others. His early metaphysical works were shown at the ‘Salon Automne’ and ‘Salon des Independants’ during 1912-1913, where he was noticed by Pablo Picasso. Guillaume Apollinaire organized a show of 30 works by De Chirico and published a review describing his art as ‘Methaphysical’ in ‘L’intrasingeant’.
On 20 October 2011, the Isabella Pakszwer Far Bequest of 61 artworks by Giorgio de Chirico to the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris was finalised during a formal signing ceremony held at the Mairie in Paris, in the presence of Bertrand Delanoë, Mayor of Paris and Paolo Picozza, President of Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico. The Bequest was an initiative of Giorgio de Chirico’s widow Isabella in recognition of the important role that the city of Paris played in the artist’s personal and professional life.
The complete group of works will be presented in an exhibition to be inaugurated on 10 November and will continue through to the summer of 2012. A permanent room dedicated to Giorgio de Chirico will then be opened in the museum in which these works will be exhibited on a rotational basis.
Writers who have appreciated De Chirico include John Ashbery, who has called Hebdomeros “probably. the finest [major work of Surrealist fiction].” Several of Sylvia Plath’s poems are influenced by De Chirico. In his book Blizzard of One Mark Strand included a poetic diptych called “Two de Chiricos:” “The Philosopher’s Conquest” and “The Disquieting Muses.”
De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, to a Genoan mother and a Sicilian father] After studying art in Athens—mainly under the guidance of the influential Greek painters Georgios Roilos and Georgios Jakobides—and Florence, he moved to Germany in 1906, following his father’s death in 1905. He entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, where he read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weininger and also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger.
Paolo Picozza, President of Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico, previously Professor of Ecclesiastical Law, Università degli Studi di Macerata, formerly lawyer for Giorgio de Chirico and for his widow Isabella Pakszwer de Chirico
Fabio Benzi, Professor of Contemporary Art History, Università “Gabriele d’Annunzio” di Chieti-Pescara
Willard Bohn, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of French and Comparative Literature, Illinois State University
Lorenzo Canova, Associated Professor of Contemporary Art History, Department of Liberal Arts, Social Sciences and Educational Sciences, Università degli Studi del Molise
Luciano Caramel, art critic and historian, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Contemporary Art History, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano