joan miro nationality
Joan Miró started painting when he was fourteen he attended an art school. He then started to develop his own style to draw scenes of trees and landscapes. In around the 1930s Joan started to make rapid changes to his style of painting. Influenced by Pablo Picasso, Miro developed more surrealist works. 
Joan Miró (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist. He was born in Barcelona. He died of heart disease in Palma, Majorca. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundacio Joan Miró, was opened in Barcelona in 1975.
1979 Miró designs stained-glass windows and is honorary doctorate from the University of Barcelona.
1947 he first visited the USA and there had several solo exhibitions, the most important was a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
During the late 50’s, Joan focused on public art projects like murals and plop art. The most famous is the Wall of the Moon and Wall of the Sun, made from 1957-1958, and are located at the UNESCO building in Paris. The murals are ceramic, which became his craze at this time in his art.
Throughout his life, Miró’s goal for his art was to be able to make the painting into a poem, for a picture speaks a thousand words, and a Miró could speak two thousand. He also sought to balance compositions. Like The Farm, 1920, which is the piece Hemmingway bought, the cracked wall balances out the chicken coup on the other side of the picture. The ladder in The Farm symbolizes escape, which Miró thought completed the picture, for it is a work of art and a poem.
awards: 1958 – Guggenheim International Award
1954 – Venice Biennale Grand Prize for Graphic Work
1980 – Gold Medal of Fine Arts
father: Miquel Miró Adzerias
MirГі once famously stated, “I want to assassinate painting.” Along with other Dada and Surrealist artists like Jean Arp and Yves Tanguy, he explored the possibility of creating an entirely new visual vocabulary for art that could exist outside of the objective world, while not divorced from it. His unique artistic idiom often used biomorphic forms that remained within the bounds of objectivity, while simultaneously being forms of pure invention. Expressive and imbued with meaning through their juxtaposition with other forms and the artist’s use of color, they became increasingly abstract pictorial signs. His explorations of all media and innovative techniques gave his work an edge – simultaneously, new, yet instantly recognizable as MirГі.
MirГі married Pilar Juncosa in 1929, and their only child Dolores was born in 1931. As his art began to be exhibited and sold in both France and the United States, his career began to flourish, though any economic stability was cut short by the effects of the global depression. In 1932, no longer able to support his family in Paris, they moved to Barcelona. Years of disruption followed, as in 1936 while visiting Paris he was trapped with his family, unable to return to Spain where the civil war had erupted. In 1939 he fled to Normandy as the German invasion threatened and in 1941 to Mallorca, where he said, “I was very pessimistic. I felt that everything was lost.” He turned to painting small works on paper, which he titled Constellations (1939-41), of which he said, “When I was painting the Constellations I had the genuine feeling that I was working in secret. But it was a liberation for me. I ceased thinking about all the tragedy around me.”